Our impact

Research outcome/Impact Study Data product
Optimal Marine Protected Areas proposed for black-legged kittiwake
saharan dust cloudProposed Marine Protected Areas This study used NEODAAS data to identify two proposed Marine Protected Areas (pMPAs) for breeding kittiwakes. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are a conservation tool designed to mitigate such threats as pollution, pressures from commercial fisheries including competition for resources, offshore development and climate change. To meet national statutory obligations to protect marine biodiversity, there is a need to develop effective and efficient methodologies for identification of MPAs to facilitate those responsible for designation. Kittiwake data provided by NEODAASNEODAAS data which was used to identify MPAs
Weather research and prediction
WaveNEODAAS supports research into extreme weather events NEODAAS supports research into weather that is hazardous and has an adverse effect on the environment and human health, with the aim of improving understanding and reducing the impact. Recent examples include studies of dust storms which are a major environmental problem in some countries as they can cause respiratory difficulties, transport disruption and accidents; and prediction of rainfall events during the west African dry season, which is important as these events can spoil harvests and have health implications. NEODAAS imagery has also been used to study unusual weather events in the UK, such as storms and cyclones and our imagery has been featured in several newspapers and on TV. Extratropical cyclone Friedhelm over the UKExtratropical cyclone Friedhelm over the UK.
Does the mid-Atlantic ridge increase biomass and biodiversity?
Mid Atlantic RidgeView of the Earth showing mid-Atlantic ridge The commonly accepted view of the mid-Atlantic ridge is that it is a hotspot of productivity and biodiversity. The UK ECOMAR project tested this view, with three major cruises supported by NEODAAS thermal and altimetry EO data. It was found that although the ridge greatly alters the water circulation and biology there was no overall effect on oceanic productivity. Although pelagic species were somewhat replaced by benthic species there was also no evidence of greater overall biodiversity. This may have implications when planning for exploitation of biological resources, such as commercial fisheries. SST map showing the main sampling stationsSST map showing the main sampling stations.
Volcano research and monitoring
Model simulation (top) and observed map (bottom) of lava flowModel simulation (top) and observed map (bottom) of lava flow. NEODAAS data and services are used for monitoring volcanoes, for both short-term observation of eruption events and long-term trend analysis. In 2001, NEODAAS data were used to track the eruption of Mount Etna, and to assess the progress of a lava flow that threatened to invade the town of Nicolosi. A retrospective analysis of 30 years of NEODAAS data has shown that there were two distinct periods in the history of the volcano, 1983-1993 had less frequent, but longer lasting eruptions with a low discharge rate whilst 2000-2010 had more frequent eruptions with a high discharge rate. NEODAAS data has also been used to predict the final dimensions of active lava flows which can be applied in near-real time in order to predict which areas are at risk during volcano eruptions. MODIS data showing Mt. Etna eruptionMODIS data showing Mount Etna eruption.
Fieldwork support
CTD used for water sampling during research cruisesCTD used for water sampling during research cruises. Near-real time guidance of research ships and aircraft is a fundamental underpinning activity ensuring efficient use of NERC resources. A wide range of data can be provided through FTP including SST, ocean colour, altimetry and meteorological data. NEODAAS data was used during the Shelf Sea Biogeochemistry cruises to help identify the spring bloom as it happened using satellite images of chlorophyll. NEODAAS also provided support for a field campaign of the ACCACIA project, which aims to better understand cloud and aerosol processes in the Arctic. This involved a research cruise and aircraft flights. A range of products were provided, some within a few minutes of data reception, which were used for flight planning. Chlorophyll image of Irish Sea used to identify spring bloom during SSB cruiseChlorophyll image of Irish Sea used to identify spring bloom during SSB cruise.

NEODAAS supports science across all NERC science priority areas and across all disciplines (marine, atmosphere, Earth, polar, and terrestrial & freshwater). Below are some examples of NEODAAS-supported projects and activities:

Research cruises:

Research cruises are supported in near real time, both to assist with pre-cruise planning and for modifying sampling whilst at sea. This is valuable for studies of transient or developing features such as phytoplankton blooms or mesoscale eddies.

View supported cruises: Past, Current, Future

Similar support is available for research aircraft. Images are available within minutes of reception and are especially useful for last minute adjustment of flight plans.

Scientific papers and case studies supported by NEODAAS